The procedure of breast implant surgery involves the placement of implants surgically in order to increase the fullness and projection of the breasts or to improve the symmetry of the breasts.
The surgery is performed for:
• Enlarging naturally small breasts
• Restoring breast volume lost due to breastfeeding feeding
• Achieving symmetry of breasts which are disproportionate in size and shape
• Enhancing self confidence and self esteem
For those dissatisfied with their breast size, this surgery is a good option which can be considered. It can also be performed for breast reconstruction after any injury or mastectomy.
Breast Implant Surgery Options
There are two types of implants used for adding volume to the breast – silicone and saline implants. In both, the shell is made of strong elastomer silicone. While viscous silicone gel is filled in the silicone implants, sterile saline solution is filled in saline implants. There are other implants too like composite ones but FDA approved silicone and saline implants are two of the most preferred choices. Compared to saline implants, silicone implants look and feel more natural because they have a texture similar to that of the breast tissue.
The implants are inserted either through an incision made in the armpit, or under the breast or at the edge of the areola. Saline implants require an incision about an inch long, and silicone implants need an inch and a half long incision. This is because saline implants are filled after they are inserted whereas silicone implants come pre-filled.
The location where the incision is made depends upon certain factors such as:
• implant type
• diameter of the areola
• current body mass
• anatomy of the breast
It is placed in a pocket either directly at the back of the breast tissue, benefit the pectoral muscle or above it.
Breast Implants in a Variety of Sizes and Shapes
Implants are available in sizes ranging from 100 – 400 cc. The right size is selected on the basis of one's chest size, height and amount of breast tissue present. They are tear-drop and round shaped.
Complications associated with implants include capsular contracture and rupture. This rupture may go unnoticed for a number of years. To detect early rupture you may need MRI monitoring. If implants rupture, you may require replacement. Capsular contracture is when capsule of scar tissue is formed around the implant. This can cause pain and also bring about change in the appearance of the implant. If such a condition develops, removal of scar capsule or replacement may become necessary. Apart from discomfort, you may also experience swelling and pain after the surgery. In such cases it is advisable to consult your plastic surgeon.
Recovery period post breast implant surgery is around one or two weeks depending upon the type of implantation performed. You can resume your normal activities while adhering to certain preclusions such as avoiding strenuous physical activities at least for a few weeks.