Endometriosis is a condition where there is abnormal growth of endometrial cells outside the uterus. It is mostly found in the pelvic area and rarely in areas remote to the pelvis.

Causes.
The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. It affects women in their reproductive years and seldom in their post-menopausal years or teens. It is believed the backing up of menstrual flow into unusual places causes' endometriosis.

Symptoms.
The symptoms are usually undetected. It results in pelvic pain and infertility. It also causes pain during sexual interference. A patient may experience pain while passing urine or bowel movement. Other symptoms related to endometriosis include lower abdominal pain, diarrhoea and / or constipation, low back pain, irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding, or blood in the urine.

The doctor can diagnose it during physical examination. While examining the doctor may feel some nodules near the uterus. Or they can be detected in ultrasound. The most foolproof method of diagnosis is laparoscopy, which offers a clear view of the uterine cavity and other organs.

Treatment.
Endometriosis can be treated with both medication and surgery. Medication is given to treat pain and inflammation. Also Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs (GnRH analogs) are given to reduce the size of endometriosis. However, they have many side effects. Giving birth control pills also cures it. It can be cured using different kinds of medication and drugs like progestins, danzole, aromatose inhibitors etc. but most have side effects. In case the patient is unresponsive to medical treatment or the symptoms or very severe then it is advisable to go for surgery. Usually, doctors perform laparoscopic surgery. One usually has to undergo fertility treatment caused by endometriosis.

There are several specialists advocating the natural methods to cure the symptoms of Endometriosis. These alternative therapies help to alleviate the symptoms of Endometriosis.

The first and the foremost is eating a healthy diet of low refined carbs and limiting the intake of caffeine, sugar, preservatives, additives, red meats and processed foods helps relieve the pelvic pain and enables a woman to lead an active life. Acupuncture, the ancient Chinese practice of inserting needles at pressure points also helps in balancing the energy flow of the body. It is also believed to releasing Endorphins in the body, which is a kind of natural painkiller produced by the body. Exercise relieves stress and pain in the body and also fights depression. Aromatherapy also helps to relieve the symptoms of pain because of Endometriosis.