Pregnancy usually lasts about 40 weeks from the first day of the last normal period. The pregnancy period is classified into three trimesters. The first trimester is from week 1 to week 12, the second trimester is from week 13 to week 28 while the third trimester is from week 29 to week 40. Each trimester has its own characteristics.
The body undergoes many changes in the first trimester due to the hormonal changes. The hormonal changes can trigger development of symptoms in the first weeks of the pregnancy. Stopping of the period is the major sign of pregnancy but other signs may also occur. The signs may range from extreme tiredness, upset stomach with or without throwing up (morning sickness), tender, swollen breasts, headache, mood swings, cravings or distaste for certain foods, heartburn, need to pass urine more often and gain gain or loss .
As your body changes, it may be necessary to make changes to your daily routine such as eating, small frequent meals or even going to bed. The discomforts will disappear as the pregnancy progresses. However, it is important to note that some women may not experience discomforts at this stage. Furthermore, the symptoms are likely to change with every pregnancy.
Most women find it easy to cope with challenges of this stage than the first trimester. During this stage, some symptoms such as nausea and fatigue may start to disappear but other more noticeable changes will start to happen. The abdomen will enlarge and by the end of the trimester, you will notice some baby movements. Some of the symptoms that you experience include body aches such as groin, abdomen, back and thigh pain. You may also notice stretch marks on your breasts, abdomen, thighs and buttocks.
Other noticeable symptoms include darkening of the skin around your nipples, patches of darker skin mostly on the forehead, upper lip and cheeks and a line on the skin running from belly button to pubic hairline. You may also experience numb or tingling hands, swelling of the ankles, face and fingers and itching on the abdomen, palms and soles of the feet.
This is the last stage of the pregnancy. During this stage, some symptoms of the second trimester will continue while others develop. Some of the new changes that may occur include heartburn, shortness of breath, hemorrhoids, swelling of the fingers, face and ankles, tender breasts, hemorrhoids, trouble sleeping, baby moving in the abdomen and contractions, which are a sign of false or real labor. Furthermore, as you near delivery, the cervix will become thinner and softer.