The symptom of urinary tract infections are very common and just about everyone is unacceptable. So, if you experience UTI symptoms there is no reason to panic, and understand that most men and women experience such an infection at least once in their lifetime. UTI is easily remedied if you take care to treat it timely and effectively.
UTI can occur in anyone at any age; however, women are more likely than men to suffer urinary tract infections. UTIs can affect the entire urinary system or individual parts. Depending upon which area is infected; Urinary tract infection symptoms are also identified by the following medical terms that have been made easy to understand:
Urethritis: If the infection occurs in the tube that facilitates urine out of the bladder, it is known as urethritis.
Pyelonephritis: If the infection occurs in one or both kidneys, it is known as pyelonephritis or kidney infection.
Cystitis: If the infection occurs in the bladder it is known as cystitis or bladder infection.
Ureters are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Although ureters are a part they are rarely infected.
How Is It Caused?
UTI in men and women of any age is an infection caused by germs. In general cases, the germs invade the urethra and then travel up to the bladder causing bladder infections. If not raised, the infection can extend up to kidneys and cause severe kidney infections. The human body is capable of getting rid of these germs by natural functions of the body; for example, most of the germs are expelled from the body when you urinate, but in adverse conditions where the population of germs has grown, a more severe infection may appear in the lower urinary tract.
Why Are Women At Higher Risk?
Women have a higher risk of contracting a UTI as the urethra in the female body is shorter and closer to anus. Other factors like sexual activities, menopause and use of a diaphragm for birth control can also contribute to women being more prone to UTIs.
What Are The Symptoms of a UTI?
Urinary tract infection symptoms are almost the same in men and women. The most common signals to indicate you have an UTI are:
Pain or burning sensation while urinating
Frequent need to eliminate urine
One may even wake up from sleep to urinate
Pressure or pain in lower abdomen
Bad smell in urine
Leak of urine (incontinence)
Strong need to urinate with very little urine
In more severe conditions of a UTI one may also feel pain in the lower back, vomiting and fever. Mid to lower back pain during a UTI can possibly indicate that the infection has spread to the kidneys and this condition must immediately be checked by a medical practitioner.
What May Increase Your Risk Of Getting a UTI?
Blockage: A blockage in the urinary tract for any reason including a stone in the kidney or bladder increases the risk of UTI.
Sexual Activity: If your sexual partner has a UTI, there are strong possibilities that you too will be infected by the transmission of germs.
Urinary Tract Issues: If you feel unable to control while urinating you are more susceptible to a UTI. There are minor urinary tract surgeries that may elevate your chances of recurring urinary tract infections.
Prostate Issues: An infected or enlarged prostate gland makes you prone to UTI.
Weaker Immune System: An immune system that has been weakened may not efficiently fight against infection causing germs to give you recurrent urinary tract infections.
Prolonged illnesses, like diabetes, flu, or HIV can also make you suffer continual urinary tract infection symptoms.
The good news? These infections are very common and can easily be treated.